Monday, August 15, 2011

Is It Live or Is It Memorex

Having lived through the advent of the mini computer and the introduction of the PC, I was fortunate enough to witness first hand the emergence of many different computing models. Once PCs were present on the desktop, they became new endpoint devices replacing so-called dumb terminals used to access the traditional  mini and mainframe machines where all the applications and data resided.

Large PCs called servers later formed the center of  new "local area networks" of computers. These LANs gave rise to client-server computing configurations. In this model the computing was shared between the server which typically hosted the data and major applications, and the PC which allowed for some of the processing and storage to happen locally. The servers continued to evolve in speed and capacity, and eventually displaced the minicomputer. Ironically, new  technologies such as Citrix emerged to move processing back to the server leaving only the presentation layer happening at the PC, in effect, recreating the dumb terminal scenario.

The internet triggered another whole round of evolution in the world of computing. Initially the browser allowed you to access and display information on your PC that resided on host computers literally anywhere.  The client-server model expanded its geographic boundaries allowing applications to have much greater reach than ever before. Some of you probably may have used travel or banking applications you could load to your PC which allowed you to interact with your key service providers. Then, as the browsers became more sophisticated, local applications were replaced with browser add-ons or java applets that executed locally. This was basically another incarnation of client-server with the browser and all of its extensions acting as the client side.

We are now living through a third wave of evolution involving tablets and smart phones. There are thousands upon thousands of applications on the Internet, which we sometimes characterize as "in the cloud." They provide information, offer  services, process transactions and deliver entertainment to a variety of endpoint devices. Virtually all the services and applications I access on my PC at home are available to me on my HTC EVO smart phone.

Remember the old ad campaign: "Is it live or is it Memorex?"  In one vignette a singer cracks a glass with her voice. A recording is then played with the same effect. The point was you could not tell the difference between live and recorded sound.

With the advent of new browser standards (HTML5) and other capabilities being added to each of the major browsers it is going to become increasingly difficult to know (or care) where the processing is actually occurring. In today's "cloudy" environment, the server may, in fact, be a collection or cooperative of many computers banding together to deliver faster results. Similarly, how much processing is done on the endpoint device may depend on the capabilities of the particular PC, tablet or smart phone. Those devices with sufficient capacity may store and execute locally, accelerating results or providing off-line capability. Other less powerful devices might simply be required to handle only the presentation layer.

It's been fascinating to watch the pendulum swing back and forth. I doubt it will ever stop, but I suppose that is neither here nor there.

Captain Joe

Follow me on Twitter @JPuglisiLLC

1 comment:

  1. Who owns the network?

    That's the question I have always asked when analyzing internet developments.

    When I did the first audio/visual/chat community in 1998, I felt the community creator should own it. Then he or she could give network power away to members. Morally, I felt members should make the administrative decisions, which affected the infrastructure of their emotional lives.

    Dare I say it was the understatement of the millenium that the industry did not agree with me.

    Today, network owners have databases with hundreds of millions of records. One computer cannot hold them. As you said, "In today's 'cloudy' environment, the server may, in fact, be a collection or cooperative of many computers banding together to deliver faster results."

    However, the intelligence and profits lie in the processing. As it becomes "increasingly difficult to know (or care) where the processing is actually occurring," member information is being chopped up and sold like credit default swaps.

    What bothers me is that hundreds of millions of people have no idea what permission they are granting when they press "Allow" on an application (taking Facebook as an example).

    They don't consider that human beings have become micro-products in the infinitely creative cloud of stealth, as we parade our favorite movies in front of the world, craving the social connection.